The development of the breed places high natural selection pressure on structural soundness, hardiness and fertility.

Caribbean Senepols selects animals suited to both wet tropics with high humidity and hot, dry savanna country. Caribbean Senepols selects for tough, adaptable cattle, with the ability to thrive under harsh conditions, maintaining fertility, tropical resistance and feed efficiency whilst producing an excellent eating quality carcase.

Economic Factors

Senepol are best described as being of medium to large frame – extremes of muscle and bone having been avoided in striking a workable balance of feed efficiency to growth, fertility and calving ease.

Senepol Cattle

  • reach puberty earlier than Bos Indicus breeds
  • females are renowned for their ease of calving and calves for their fast ‘get up and go’ vigour
  • heifers will calve as two year olds under normal management conditions
  • longevity is well documented, breeders often still efficiently producing calves well into their teen years
  • average birthweight of calves is 34kg
  • average mature weight of cows is 550-650kg at pasture
  • bulls, average 930kgs at pasture
  • bulls have a high libido, are fertile and aggressive breeders from an early age.


Heat Tolerance

A pure Bos Taurus breed with superior heat tolerance (USDA Subtropical Research Station, Brooksville, Florida) Dr Tim Olsen’s long term research findings established that Senepol cows maintained a cooler rectal temperature than Brahman cows whilst grazing during the heat of the day.

These studies also found that the F1 Senepol maintained rectal temperatures the same as full blood Senepol thereby indicating the ability to pass on the factor in crossbreeding.

Disease and Insect Resistance

  • Senepol have a greater immune response compared to other beef breeds.
  • Slick coat gene. An identified gene (Sk – Dr Tim Olsen) confers a very short haired, sleek coat when an animal carries a copy of the gene. To date Senepol is the only breed available in Australia that is known to be a carrier of this gene. The gene is associated with the heat tolerance of the Senepol breed.
  • Smooth coated animals in tick infested country will carry less tick burden than hairy coated animals. The natural licking (grooming) process, as well as the animal’s inherent tick resistance, greatly reduces tick larvae from maturing. The Senepol and its slick haired crosses, from field counts conducted in Queensland, appears to have a very high level of genetic tick resistance.


Crossbreeding value

Senepol offers crossbreeders excellent hybrid vigour from a tropically adapted Taurine breed, with a genetic package which has not been subjected to unbalanced ‘single trait’ selection.

Senepol admirably complement tropical beef production where traditionally Bos Indicus derived breeds have been used. Senepol are the ideal Bos Taurus for crossbreeding with British & European breeds in hotter country and for use in the development of tropical composite herds.

Production flexibility

Target a wider range of markets, increase your production options.
“The Australian Agricultural Company ( Australia’s largest cattle company) killed 80 Senepol-infused heifers bred and grown out in Central Queensland, which produced marbling performance ‘every bit as good, and in many cases, better’ than equivalent straight-bred heifers from marbling-oriented British breeds.”

Jon Condon Queensland Country Life